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Σάββατο, 2 Φεβρουαρίου 2013

Order of Bards, Ovates and Druids

The Order of Bards, Ovates & Druids or OBOD is a Neo-Druidic organisation based in England,[1] but based in part on the Welsh Gorsedd of Bards.[2][3] It has grown to become a dynamic druid organisation, with members in all parts of the world.[4]
The concept of the three roles of bards, ovates and druids originates from the writings of the ancient Greek historian and geographer Strabo, who in his Geographica, written in the 20s CE, stated that amongst the Gauls, there were three types of honoured figures: the poets and singers known as bardoi, the diviners and specialists in the natural world known as o'vateis, and those who studied "moral philosophy", the druidai.[5] Nonetheless, Strabo's accuracy has been called into question, as he was not actually well acquainted with Gaul and was likely relying on earlier sources whose accuracy is also disputed.[6]

Founding

It was founded in 1964 as a split from the Ancient Druid Order with Ross Nichols as its leader.[7]
In 1988, after studying in the order and helping to further its reaches,[8] Philip Carr-Gomm was asked to lead the Order. Other notable members also hold somewhat senior positions in the order, often with the title of "Honorary Bard",[9] a good example of this being Damh the Bard, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Mhardy63/Damh_the_bard [10] who is involved mostly in the UK groves and running the podcast.

Dissemination

The teachings are arranged in the form of a distance-learning course mailed to members around the world.[11] There is a network of tutors,[12] many using email, to support the students’ progress through the grades of Bard, Ovate and Druid. Members meet at camps,[13] at workshops and assemblies in various parts of the world, and a network of groves and seedgroups also exists. There are a number of internet forums,[14] a private members’ website in addition to OBOD’s public-access site,[15] a monthly journal ‘Touchstone’[16] and quarterly journals in Dutch and in English for Australasia.

Teachings

A group of Neo-druids from the Sylvan Grove of the OBOD at Stonehenge on the morning of the summer solstice 2005.
The teachings of the Order could be seen as typical of Neo-druidism [17] today, in that it teaches its followers the belief of the sanctity of nature and a belief in the Otherworld. However, something about the Order that is considered atypical in that it is not practiced by many other Drudic orders is the acceptance of members regardless of religion, meaning that membership is open to those who may hold Christian beliefs [18] and not necessarily conform to an otherwise "typical" Druidic belief, such as reincarnation.
Many members of the Order prefer to learn at home, solitary,[19] as opposed to recorded Druids of early pre-Christian Britain that would have congregated to share wisdom or meet for occasion.[20] Members are sent course information and materials, and may be assigned a tutor if they wish to have someone to communicate with.[21]
The pantheon of which an individual Druid is also allowed to be decided by that individual and the group that they practice in. This means that the Order holds members of mostly Celtic pantheons, usually relating to the four, pre-Christian Celtic nations of England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland. This also evokes the beliefs of Paganism and associated religions, such as the practice of Ancestral worship,[22] Naturism,[23] Polytheism and Spiritualism.[24][25][26]
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Order_of_Bards,_Ovates_and_Druids

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